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LITERATURE CITED
in the Husbandry Manual for Asian Lorisines (Nycticebus & Loris ssp.)
 
 

LITERATURE CITED
93
MAP REFERENCES:
102
N. coucang distribution map (Figure 9)
102
N. pygmaeus distribution map (Figure 10)
103
Loris distribution maps (Figure 11)
104

 

LITERATURE CITED

Agosta, W.C. 1992. Chemical Communication: The Language of Pheremones. Scientific American Library.

Alterman, L. 1995. Toxins and toothcombs: potential allospecific chemical defense in Nycticebus and Perodicticus. In: Creatures of the Dark, Alterman, L., Doyle, G. and Izard, M.K. eds), pp. 413-424. New York: Plenum Press.

Alterman, L. and Freed, B.Z. 1997. Description and survey of three Nycticebus species in Bolikhamxay Province, Laos. Primate Eye 63: 16.

Amerasinghe, F.P., van Cuylenberg, B.W.B. and Hladik, C.M. 1971. Comparative histology of the alimentary tract of Ceylon primates in correlation with the diet. Ceylon Journal of Science 9 (2): 75-90.

Barrett, E. 1981. The present distribution and status of the slow loris in peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Applied Biology 10 (2): 205-211.

Bertram, B. 1984. Lorisids in captivity. Proceedings of Symposium of the Association of British wild animal keepers 8: 35-38.

Chapman, C.A., Walker, S. and Lefebrve, L. 1990. Reproductive strategies of primates: The influence of body size and diet on litter size. Primates 31 (1): 1-13.

Charles-Dominique, P. 1977. Ecology and behaviour of nocturnal primates: prosimians of equatorial West Africa. New York: Columbia University Press, 271 p.

Daschbach, N.J., Schein, M.W. and Haines, D.E. 1983. Cage-size effects on locomotor, grooming and agonistic behaviours of the slow loris, Nycticebus coucang (Primates, Lorisidae). Applied Animal Ethology 9: 317-330.

Devaraj Sarkar, H.B., Murali, S., Prasad, D.T., Shekarappa, B.M. and Vijayalakshmi, V. 1981. The population and distribution of the slender loris (Loris tardigradus) in Karnataka State. Tigerpaper (Bangkok) 8 (1): 7-10.

Duckworth, J.W. 1994. Field Sightings of the Pygmy Loris, Nycticebus pygmaeus, in Laos. Folia Primatologica 63: 99-101.

Durrell, G. 1964. Love and Marriage. Pp. 124-127 in: Menagerie Manor.

Ehrlich, A. 1968a. Food-motivated behavior in prosimians. Folia primatol. 8: 66-71.

Ehrlich, A. 1968b. Activity levels in prosimians. Folia primatol. 8: 72-76.

Ehrlich, A. 1969. Behavioral characteristics of the slow loris, Galago, and Rhesus monkey. In: Proc. 2nd Int. Congr. Primatol., pp. 119-127, Atlanta, GA. (1968: Vol. I, Karger, Basel.)

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Ehrlich, A. 1974. Infant development in two prosimian species: greater galago and slow loris. Developmental Psychobiology 7 (5): 439-454.

Ehrlich, A. and Macbride, L. 1989. Mother-infant interaction in captive slow lorises (Nycticebus coucang). Am. J. Primatol. 19: 217-228.

Ehrlich, A. and Musicant, A. 1976. Visual discrimination learning and memory in nocturnal prosimians. Animal learning and behavior 4 (4): 431-435.

Ehrlich ,A. and Musicant, A. 1977. Social and individual behaviors in captive slow lorises. Behavior 60: 195-220.

Elliott, O. and Elliott, M. 1967. Field notes on the slow loris in Malaya. Journal of Mammalogy 48 (3): 497-498.

Feng,, Q., Wang Y., and Li, C. 1992. Mother-infant interaction in captive middle slow loris (Nycticebus intermedius) in captivity. Acta Theriologica Sinica 12 (3): 167-174. (Chinese; English abstract)

Feng, Q., Wang,, Y., and Li, C. 1993. Reproduction of slow loris (Nycticebus intermedius) in captivity. Zoological Research 14 (1): 21-26. ISSN: 0254-5853. (Chinese; English abstract)

Feng,, Q, Wang,, Y., and Li, C. 1994. Progress of studies on intermediate slow loris in captivity. Chinese Primate Research 3: 11-12.

Fitch-Snyder, H. 1988. Slow Loris born at the San Diego Zoo. AAZPA Newsletter 29 (10): 15.

Fitch-Snyder, H. 1995. Asian Prosimian: North American regional studbook. San Diego: Zoological Society of San Diego.

Fitch-Snyder, H. 1998. Asian Prosimian North American regional studbook Vol. VI. San Diego: Zoological Society of San Diego. 211 pp.

Fitch-Snyder, H. 2000. Reproductive patterns in a breeding colony of pygmy lorises (Nycticebus pygmaeus) measured by behavioral and physiological correlates of gonadal activities. Thesis. San Diego State University.

Fitch-Snyder, H, and Perez L. 1989. Correlation and evaluation of various methods used to monitor estrus in two subspecies of Lorisidae. American Journal of Primatology 18: 140 (abstract).

Frederick, C, and Fernandes, D. 1994. Increased activity in a nocturnal primate through lighting manipulation: the case of the potto. International Zoo Yearbook 33: 219-228.

Glassman, D.M., and Wells, J.P. 1984. Positional and activity behavior in a captive slow loris: a quantitative assessment. American Journal of Primatology 7: 121-132.

94

References
 
Goonan, P. 1993. Behavior and Reproduction of the Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus) in captivity. Folia Primatologica 60: 146-157.
Gorter, F.J. 1937. Experiments on the learning and problem solving of Nycticebus tardigradus L. Arch. Neerl. Zool. 2: 95-111.
Griner, L.A. 1983. Pathology of Zoo Animals. San Diego: Zoological Society of San Diego.
Groves, C.P. 1971, Systematics of the genus Nycticebus. Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress of Primatology 1: 44-53.
Groves, C.P. 1998. Systematics of tarsiers and lorises. Primates 39: 13-27.

Gupta, K.K. 1998. Slender loris, Loris tardigradus, distribution and habitat use in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, India. Folia Primatologica 69: 401-402.

Harlow, H.F, and Harlow, M.F. 1962. Social deprivation in monkeys. Scientific American 207: 136-144.

Harrison, .J.L. 1962. The Apes and Monkeys of Malaya. Singapore: National Museum pp. 19-20.

Hill, W.C.O. 1933. A monograph on the genus Loris. Ceylon Journal of Science (Spolia Zeylanica) 18 (1): 89-129.

Hill, W.C.O. 1953. Primates: Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy. In I. Strepsirrhini, pp. 148-163. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Hladik, C.M. and Petter, J.J. 1970. Le loris tardigrade. Observations de terrains effectuées à Ceylan. Science et Nature 101 p.

Izard, M.K., Weisenseel, K.A. and Ange, R.L. 1988. Reproduction in the slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). American Journal of Primatology 16:331-339.

Izard, M.K. and Rasmussen, D.T. 1985. Reproduction in the slender loris (Loris tardigradus malabaricus). American Journal of Primatology 8:153-165.

Izard, M.K. and Weisenseel, K. 1989. Comparative reproduction of the lorisidae. American Journal of Primatology 18:140.

Jaenicke, C. and Ehrlich, A. 1972. Effects of animate vs. inanimate stimuli on curiosity behavior in greater galago and slow loris. Primates 23 (1): 95-104.

Johnson, J.M. 1984. Diurnal activities of the slender loris, Loris tardigradus, in the Mundanthurai Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu (India). In: Current Primate Researches, M.L. Roonwal and N.S. Rathore eds. pp. 389-395, Jodhpur: India.

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Jurke, M.H., Czekala, N.M, and Fitch-Snyder, H. 1997. Non-invasive detection and monitoring of estrus, pregnancy and the postpartum period in Pygmy Loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus) using fecal estrogen metabolites. American Journal of Primatology 41: 103-115.

Jurke, M., Czekala, N.M., Jurke, S., Hagey, L.R., Lance, V.A., Conley, A.J. and Fitch-Snyder, H. 1998. Monitoring pregnancy in twinning Pygmy Loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus)using fecal Estrogen metabolites. American Journal of Primatology 46: 173-183.

Kavanau, J.L. and Peters, C.R. 1976. Activity of nocturnal primates: Influences of zeitbebers and weather. Science 191: 83-86.

Kavanau, J.L. and Peters, C.R. 1979. Illuminance preferences of nocturnal primates. Primates 20 (2): 245-258.

Keeling, M.E. 1974. Housing Requirements. Primates Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science . Volume I: 97-104.

Lowenstine, L.L. 1986. Neoplasms and proliferative disorders in nonhuman primates. In: Primates: The road to self-sustaining populations. Bernischke, K., ed. New York, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Lydekker, R. 1901. Apes, monkeys, and lemurs. The New Natural History. Merril and Baker Publishers. Pp. 228-232.

MacKinnon, J. and MacKinnon, K. 1987. Conservation status of the primates of the Indo-Chinese subregion. Primate Conservation 8: 187-195.

MacKinnon, K. 1987. Conservation status of primates in Malaysia, with special reference to Indonesia. Primate Conservation 8: 175-183.

Manley, G.H. 1966. Reproduction in Lorisoid primates. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London 15: 439-509.

Manley, G.H. 1976. Functions of the external genital glands of Periodicticus and Arctocebus. In: Prosimian Behaviours, Martin, R.D., Doyle, G.A. and Walker, A.C. eds., pp 313-329, Duckworth, London.

Maple, T.L. 1980. Orangutan Behavior. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, Co.

Meier, B., Schulze, H. and Preuschoft, H. Keeping, breeding and captive management of slender lorises (Loris tardigradus). Unpublished.

Meier, B., Schulze, H. and Rozman, J. In prparation. Reproduction and the question of breeding seasonality in Loris tardigradus.

96


References
 
Mohnot, S.M. 1980. On the primate resources of India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 75: 961-968.
Montagna, W. and Ellis, R.A. 1959. The skin of primates I: the skin of the potto (Periodicticus potto). Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 17: 137-162.
Montagna, W., Machida, H. and Perkins, E.M. 1966. The skin of primates 33: the skin of the angwantibo (Arctocebus calabarensis). Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 25: 277-290.
Müller, E.F., Nieschalk, U. and Meier, B. 1985. Thermoregulation in the Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus). Folia primatologica 44: 216-226.
Napier and Napier. 1967. Handbook of living primates: morphology, ecology, and behaviour of nonhuman primates. New York: Academic Press.

Nekaris, K.A.I. 2000. The socioecology of the Mysore slender loris (Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus) in Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, South India. Dissertation. Washington University, Department of Anthropology.

Ohta, H. 1983. Learning set formation in slow lorises (Nycticebus coucang). Folia Primatol. 40: 256-267.

Ollén, C. 1987. Jonas Ark. Bra Bok. Höganäs.

Petter, J.J. and Hladik, C.M. 1970. Observations sur le domaine vital et la densite di population du loris tardigrade dans les forets de Ceylon. Mammalia 34: 394-409.

Petter, J.J. and Petter-Rousseux, A. 1979. Classification of the prosimians. In: The study of Prosimian behavior, Doyle, G. and Martin, R., eds. New York: Academic Press.

Porton, I. 1994. Regional Collection Plan. AZA Prosimian Taxon Advisory Group. Saint Louis Zoo. First Edition.

Pournelle, G.H. 1955. The Bashful Clown. ZOONOOZ 28 (2): 23-25.

Pschyrembel, W. (ed.) 1995. Klinisches Worterbuch (Medicinal dictionary), 257. Aufl. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin (German).

Qiang, Q.G., Yu, J.J., Sheng, H.J. and Fu, Z.Y. 1987. A new record of primate species in China. Acta Theriologica Sinica 7: 158.

Ramakantha, V. 1991. A note on slow loris survival in N.E. India with particular reference to native beliefs about its curative and culinary properties. Zoo’s Print 6 (8): 16.

Ramakrishna, P.A. and Prasad, M.R.N. 1967. Changes in the male reproductive organs of Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus. Folia Primatologica 5 (3): 176-189.

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Rasmussen, D.T. 1986a. Life history and behavior of slow lorises and slender lorises: Implications for the lorisine-galagine divergence. Ph.D. Thesis. Durham (NC): Duke University.

Rasmussen, D.T. 1986b. A review of bite wounds in lorises. Zoo Zen 2 (2): 6-8, Zoo Outreach Organization/CBSG, India.

Rasmussen, D.T. and Nekaris, K.A. 1998. Evolutionary history of lorisiform primates. Folia Primatol. 69 (Suppl. 1): 250-285.

Ratajszczak, R. 1988. Notes on the current status and conservation of primates in Vietnam. Primate Cons. 9: 134-136.

Ratajszczak, R. 1998. Taxonomy, distribution and status of the lesser slow loris Nycticebus pygmaeus and their implications for captive management. Folia Primatol. 69 (Suppl. 1), Biology and conservation of prosimians (International conference held at the North of England Zoological Society, Chester, September.

Redman, J.F. 1979. Effect of light on the circadian activity rhythm of the slow loris, Nycticebus coucang. Thesis. Stockton (CA): University of the Pacific.

Rikjsen, H.D. 1978. A field study on Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus abelii Lesson 1827). Veenman, H. and Zonen, B.V., eds. Netherlands: Wageningen.

Rogers, C.M. and Davenport, R.K. 1970. Chimpanzee maternal behavior. In: The Chimpanzee, Bourne, G.H, ed., Vol. 3. pp. 361-368. Basel, Karger.

Rosenzweig, M.R., Bennet, E.L. and Diamond, M.C. 1972. Brain changes in response to experience. In: The Nature and Nurture of Behavior, Greenough, W.T. ed., pp. 73-80. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman & Co.

Schilling, A. 1979. Olfactory communication in prosimians. In: The Study of Prosimian Behavior, Doyle, G.A. and Martin, R.D., eds., pp. 461-542. Academic Press, New York.

Schulze, H. 1998. Developing a husbandry manual to facilitate the distribution and presentation of information: with special reference to slender loris Loris tardigradus nordicus at Ruhr-University, Bochum. International Zoo Yearbook 36: 34-48.

Schulze, H. and Meier, B. 1995a. The subspecies of Loris tardigradus and their conservation status: a review. In: Creatures of the Dark., Alterman, L., Doyle, G.A. and Izard, M.K., eds., pp. 193-209. New York: Plenum Publishing Co.

Schulze, H. and Meier B. 1995b. Behavior of captive Loris tardigradus nordicus: a qualitative description, including some information about morphological bases of behavior. In: Creatures of the Dark., Alterman, L., Doyle, G.A. and Izard, M.K., eds., pp. 221-249. New York: Plenum Press.

Schwartz, J. 1996. Pseudopotto martini: a new genus and species of extant lorisiform primate. Anthrop. Pap. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 78: 1-14.

98

References

 
Shepherdson, D. 1993. Workshop: Environmental Enrichment Outreach. January, 1993, Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle, WA.
Sodaro, C. 1993. Hand rearing and reintroduction of a pygmy slow loris Nycticebus pygmaeus at Brookfield Zoo, Chicago. International Zoo Yearbook 32 :221-224.
Stetter, M.D., Worley, M.B. and Ruiz, B. 1995. Herpesvirus-associated malignant lymphoma in a slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). Journal of Zoo Animal Medicine 26 (1): 155-160.
Stevenson, M., Baker, A. and Foose, T.J. 1992. Global Captive Action Plan for Primates. New York: Conservation International.
Subramoniam, S. 1957. Some observations on the habits of the slender loris, Loris tardigradus (Linne). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 54: 387-398.

Tan, C.L. 1994. Survey of Nycticebus pygmaeus in southern Vietnam. XVth Congress International Primatological Society :136.

Trent, B.K., Tucker, M.E. and Lockard, J.S. 1977. Activity changes with illumination in slow loris, Nycticebus coucang. Applied Animal Ethology 3: 281-286.

Weisenseel, K. 1986. Duke University Primate Center (untitled). Zoo Zen, Zoo Outreach Organization/CBSG.

Whittow, G.C., Lim, B.L. and Rand, D. 1977. Body temperature and oxygen consumption of two Malaysian prosimians. Primates 18 (2): 471-474.

Wiens, F. 1995. Verhaltensbeobachtun am Plumplori, Nycticebus coucang (Primates: Lorisidae), im Freiland, Diplomarbeit im Fachbereich Biologie der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat Frankfurt am Main. Unpublished. (German)

Wilde, H. 1972. Anaphylactic shock following bite by a slow loris, Nycticebus coucang. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 21 (5): 592-594.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals, The IUCN Species Survival Commission.

Worley, M.B. and Shima, A. 1991. Isolation of a herpes virus from short term lymphocyte cultures of the slow loris. Proc. Am. Assoc. Zoo Vet. : 173-174.

Zhang, Y., Chen, Z. and Shi, L. 1993. Phylogeny of the slow lorises (Genus Nycticebus): an approach using mitochondrial DNA restriction enzyme analysis. International Journal of Primatology 14 (1): 167-175.

Zhang, Y., Quan, G., Zhao, T. and Southwick, C.H. 1992. Distribution of primates (except Macaca) in China. Acta Theriologica Sinica 12 (2): 81-95.

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Zimmermann, E. 1985. Vocalizations and associated behavior in adult slow loris (Nycticebus coucang), Folia Primatologica 44: 52-64.

Zimmermann, E. 1989. Reproduction, physical growth and behavioral development in slow loris (Nycticebus coucang, Lorisidae). Human Evolution 4 (2-3): 171-179.

Zimmermann, E., Zimmermann, P. and Zimmermann, A. 1979. Soziale Kommunikation bei Plumploris (Nycticebus coucang). Zeitschrift des Kölner Zoo. 22 (1): 25-36.

Zuckerman, S. 1932. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1059 (Part VI).
 
 

MAP REFERENCES

References for the distribution map for N. coucang (Figure 9):

Based on data and maps by: Hill 1953, Groves 1971, Barrett 1981, Choudhury 1992, Fooden 1976, Ji, Peng 1990, Mani 1974, Mukherjee 1982, Nisbett, Ciochon 1993, Nor 1996, Fooden 1996, F. Wiens and A. Zitzmann, pers. comm. Possible occurrence in the Philippines: see Fooden, 1991.

Barrett, E., 1981. The present distribution and status of the slow loris in peninsular Malaysia. Malays. appl. Biol. 10 (2): 205-211.

Bartholomew, J. C. (ed.), 1979. The Times concise atlas of the world. Times books, London.

Choudhury, A. U., 1992. The slow loris in north-east India. Primate Report 34: 77-83.

Fooden, J., 1976. Primates obtained in peninsular Thailand, June - July 1973, with notes on the continental southeast Asian leaf monkey Presbytis. Primates 17 (1): 95-118.

Fooden, J., 1991. Eastern limit of distribution of the slow loris, Nycticebus coucang. International Journal of Primatology 12 (3): 287-290.

Fooden, J., 1996. Zoogeography of Vietnamese primates. International Journal of Primatology 17 (5): 845-899.

Groves, C. P., 1971. Systematics of the Genus Nycticebus. In: Proc. 3rd int. Congr. Primat., Zürich 1970, Vol. 1 pp. 44 - 53

Hill, W. C. O., 1953. Primates: Comparative anatomy and taxonomy. Vol. I, Strepsirhini. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Jenkins, P. D., 1987. Catalogue of Primates in the British Museum (Natural history) Part IV: Suborder Strepsirrhini. British Museum (Natural history), London

Ji, W. and Peng, Y., 1990. Primatology study in China. Primate Report 26: 3-11.

Mani, M. S. (ed.), 1974. Ecology and biogeography in India. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Le Hague.

100

References
 
Mukherjee, R. P., 1982. Survey of non-human primates of Tripura, India. J. Zool. Soc. India 34 (1-2): 70-81.
Nisbett, R. A. and Ciochon, R. L., 1993. Primates in Northern Vietnam: a review of the ecology and conservation status of extant species, with notes on Pleistocene localities. Int. J. Primatology 14 (5): 765-795.
Nor, S. M., 1996. The mammalian fauna on the Islands at the Northern Tip of Sabah, Borneo. Fieldiana Zoology, 0 (83), I-IV, 1-51.
Wiens, F. and Zitzmann, A., pers. comm.
 
References for the distribution map for N. pygmaeus and similar forms (Figure 10):

Map based on the following sources:

Bartholomew, 1979, Chiao-min Hsieh, 1973; Nelles map: South China.

Sources of specimen localities

N. pygmaeus / N. intermedius: Osman Hill, 1953; Groves, 1971; Ji, Peng 1990; Nisbet and Ciochon, 1993; Fooden, 1996; R. Lippe (pers. comm.). N. pygmaeus / N. intermedius, identification of localities as trade origin: R. Ratajszak; R. Lippe (pers. comm)

N. pygmaeus, distinguished from N. intermedius: Osman Hill, 1953; Groves, 1971; Feng et al.,1993.
N. intermedius: Dao, 1960; Groves, 1971; Feng et al., 1993. Luchun country (Feng et al., 1993): not identified on the map, not included here.
N. chinensis? Based on a newspaper article of uncertain origin (of January / February 1998?) with a photo by SIPA Press. Original literature still missing
Alterman, L. and Freed, B. Z., 1997. Description and survey of three Nycticebus species in Bolikhamxay Province, Laos. Primate Eye 63: 16.

Bartholomew, J. C. (ed.), 1979. The Times concise atlas of the world. Times books, London.

Byrne, R. (ed.), 1997. New slow loris? IPS Bulletin 24 (2): 5. International Primatological Society. (Quoting Alterman, Freed 1997)

Chiao-min Hsieh, 1973. Atlas of China. Mc Graw-Hill, Los Angeles.

Dao, V. T., 1960. Sur une nouvelle espèce de Nycticebus au Vietnam. Zool. Anz. 164: 240-243.

Feng, Q., Wang, Y.-X.. Li, C., 1993. A preliminary report on the middle slow loris, Nycticebus intermedius. Abstract, Creatures of the Dark, Durham 1993.

Fooden, J., 1996. Zoogeography of Vietnamese primates. International Journal of Primatology 17 (5): 845-899.

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Groves, C. P., 1971. Systematics of the Genus Nycticebus. In: Proc. 3rd int. Congr. Primat., Zürich 1970, Vol. 1 pp. 44 - 53

Hill, W. C. O., 1953. Primates: Comparative anatomy and taxonomy. Vol. I, Strepsirhini. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Jenkins, P. D., 1987. Catalogue of Primates in the British Museum (Natural history) Part IV: Suborder Strepsirrhini. British Museum (Natural history), London.

Ji, W. and Peng, Y., 1990. Primatology study in China. Primate Report 26: 3-11.

Lippe, R., pers. comm.

Nelles map: Southern China, 1: 1.500 000. Nelles Verlag, München, undated, revised continuously, for sale in 1998. ISBN: 3-88618-675-x.

Nisbett, R. A. and Ciochon, R. L., 1993. Primates in Northern Vietnam: A review of the ecology and conservation status of extant species, with notes on Pleistocene localities. Int. J. Primatology 14 (5): 765-795.

Ratajszak, R., pers. comm.

References for the Loris distribution maps (Figures 11 & 12):

Figure 11 - Based on distribution areas described by Hill (1933, 1953), on the origin of museum specimens collected between 1889 and 1929 (Jenkins, 1987); on specimen localities mentioned by other authors (see references for Loris distribution maps); and information by K. A. Nekaris (pers. comm.). Some of Osman Hill´s information about Loris distribution is apparently guesswork, based on habitat quality and distribution of sympatric simian primate species

Figure 12 - Redrawn (changed) from Osman Hill (1953); corrected with regard to specimen localities, altitude and vegetation (see Schulze and Meier, 1995). Includes information from: Osman Hill (1933, 1953); Fiedler (1956); Jenkins (1987); specimen localities mentioned by other authors (see references for Loris distribution maps); S. Verner-Carlsson (pers. comm.); an unsystematic search by Meier and Nieschalk; and information by the chief game warden of Yala National Park (Schulze, Meier 1995).

Blanford, W.T., 1888. Fauna of British India, Mammals, p. 47. London.

Devaraj Sarkar, H. B.; Murali, S.; Prasad, D. T.; Shekarappa, B. M. and Vijayalakshmi, V., 1981. The population and distribution of the slender loris (Loris tardigradus) in Karnataka State. Tigerpaper VIII (1): 7-10. Bangkok.

Eisenberg, J. F. and Lockhart, M., 1972. An ecological reconnaissance of Wilpattu National Park, Ceylon. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 101: 1 - 119. Smithsonian Press, Washington.

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References
 
Fiedler, W., 1956. Übersicht über das System der Primaten. Pp. 1 - 266 in: H. Hofer, A. H. Schultz, D. Starck (eds.), Primatologia 1, Basel.
 
Hill, W. C. O., 1933. A monograph on the genus Loris. Ceylon J. Sci. (Spolia Zeylanica) Vol. XVIII, Pt. 1: 89 - 129.
 
Hill, W. C. O., 1942. The slender loris of the Horton Plains, Ceylon, Loris tardigradus nycticeboides subsp. nov. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 43: 73-78.
Hill, W. C. O., 1953. Primates: Comparative anatomy and taxonomy. Vol. I, Strepsirhini. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
Hill, W. C. O. and Phillips, W. W. A., 1932. A new race of slender loris from the Highlands of Ceylon. Ceylon Journal of Science / Spolia Zeylanica XVII (2): 109-123.

Jenkins, P. D., 1987. Catalogue of Primates in the British Museum (Natural history) Part IV: Suborder Strepsirrhini. British Museum (Natural history), London.

Johnson, J. M., 1984. Diurnal activities of the slender loris, Loris tardigradus, in the Mundanthurai Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu (India). In: Current primate researches, M. L. Roonwal; S. M. Mohnot; N. S. Rathore, eds., pp. 389-395. Jodhpur: India.

Kinloch, A. M., 1898. Distribution of the Slender Loris. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. XI, p. 736.

Manjula, A., 1984. Changes in levels of proteins in the male reproductive system of the slender loris, Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus. In: Current Primate Research, Roonwal et al. eds., pp. 441-447. University of Jodhpur Press, India.

Mayor, E. W., 1915. Field notes on Ceylon Lorises quoted in Wroughton’s report, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. XXIV, p. 79.

Meier, B., pers. comm.

Meier, B., 1989. Genetic management of captive prosimian populations, a report of experience with Loris tardigradus. Human Evolution 4 (2-3): 223-229.

Muthiah, S.; Vasanthra Kumaran, T.; Ramaswami, G. and Subbiah, S. (eds.), 1987. A social and economic atlas of India. Oxford University Press, Delhi.

Nekaris, K. A., pers. comm

Nelles-Map Series: Sri Lanka. Map, scale: 1:450 000 (not dated, “revised continuously”, for sale in 1995), ISBN 3-88618-616-4. Nelles Verlag, München.

Petter, J. J. and Hladik, C. M., 1970. Observations sur le domaine vital et la densité de population de Loris tardigradus dans les forêts de Ceylan. Mammalia 34 (3): 394-409.

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Verner-Carlsson, S., pers. comm.

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Management of Lorises in Captivity. A Husbandry Manual for Asian Lorisines (Nycticebus & Loris ssp.)
Edited by: Helena Fitch-Snyder and Helga Schulze. Compiler: Lena C. Larsen
Last amendment: 2 January 2003

 

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