Chapter Index
Loris population database

References in the order of numbers

Go to alphabetical references

1) Osman Hill, W. C. , 1953: Primates: Comparative anatomy and taxonomy. Vol. I, Strepsirhini. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

2) Jenkins, P. D., 1987: Catalogue of Primates in the British Museum (Natural history) Part IV: Suborder Strepsirrhini. British Museum (Natural history), London

3) Groves, C. P., 1971: Systematics of the Genus Nycticebus. Pp. 44 - 53 in: Proc. 3rd int. Congr. Primat., Zürich 1970, vol. 1.

4) Dao, V. T., 1960: Sur une nouvelle espèce de Nycticebus au Vietnam. Zool. Anz. 164: 240-243.

5) Schwartz, J. H.; Beutel, J. C. , 1995: Species diversity in Lorisids: a preliminary analysis of Arctocebus , Perodicticus and Nycticebus. Pp. 171-192 in: Creatures of the Dark: The nocturnal prosimians. Plenum Press, New York.

6) Timm, R. M.; Birney, E. C. , 1992: Systematic notes on the Philippine slow loris, Nycticebus coucang menagensis (Lydekker, 1893) (Primates: Lorisidae). Int. J. Primatol. 13: 679-686.

7) Zhang, Y.-p.; Chen, Z.-p.; Shi, L.-m., 1993: Phylogeny of the slow lorises (genus Nycticebus ): an approach using mitochondrial DNA restriction enzyme analysis. Int. J. Primatol. 14 (1): 167-175.

8) Chen, Z.-p.; Zhang, Y.-p.; Shi, L.-m.; Liu, R.; Wang, Y., 1993: Studies on the chromosomes of genus Nycticebus. Primates 34 (1): 47-53.

9) Feng, Q.; Wang, Y.; Li, C. , 1992: Mother-infants-interactions in captive middle slow loris (Nycticebus intermedius). Acta theriologica sinica 12 (3): 167-174

10) Feng, Q.; Wang, Y.; Li, C. , 1993: Reproduction of slow loris (Nycticebus intermedius ) in captivity. Zoological Research 14 (1): 21-26

11) Meesters, J.; Setzer, H. W. , 1971: The mammals of Africa: an identification manual. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. (as revised 1977). Part 3.1: Order Primates. (Loose-leaf edition)

12) Chiarelli, A. B. , 1972: Taxonomic Atlas of Living Primates. Academic Press, London, New York.

14) Osman Hill, W. C. , 1933: A monograph on the genus Loris. Ceylon J. Sci. (Spolia Zeylanica) Vol. XVIII, Pt. 1: 89 - 129.

15) Ruhr-University Bochum , data from a breeding colony of L. t. nordicus from Polonnaruwa run since 1980, including data from wildcaught founders (by B. Meier), data from some captive small reddish specimens transferred to this colony from Frankfurt Zoo and data from frozen dead specimens from other institutions donated to Ruhr-University, measured by H. Schulze.

16) Osman Hill, W. C. , 1942: The slender loris of the Horton Plains, Ceylon, Loris tardigradus nycticeboides subsp. nov.. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 43: 73-78.

17) Phillips, W. W. A. , 1931: The food of the Ceylon slender loris in captivity. Spolia Zeylanica 16 : 205-208

18) Phillips, W. W. A. , 1935: Manual of the mammals of Ceylon. Colombo Museum, Ceylon. (Lorises: pp. 30-37)

19) Dmoch, Rüdiger, Zoo Frankfurt, 2000: pers. comm.

20) Nowak, R. M.; Paradiso, J. L. (eds.), 1983: Walker's Mammals of the World, Vol. 1., The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, London

21) Ryley, K. V., 1913: Bombay Natural History´s Society´s mammal survey of India.  J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. XXII, p. 283-295.  (Pp. 285-287 and figure: Loris lydekkerianus, Cabr., The Mysore Slender Loris)

22) Wroughton, R. C. , 1917: The slender loris of Malabar, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol. XXV, p. 45

23) Osman Hill, W. C.; Phillips, W. W. A., 1932: A new race of slender loris from the Highlands of Ceylon. Ceylon Journal of Science / Spolia Zeylanica XVII (2): 109-123.

24) Seth, P. K., 1963: Preliminary observations on slender lorises. Anthropologist 7: 45-51. Delhi.

25) Feng, Q., Wang, Y.-X.. Li, C., 1993: A preliminary report on the middle slow loris, Nycticebus intermedius . Abstract, Creatures of the Dark, Durham 1993.

26) Information from cooperating institutions, zoos

27) Goonan, P. M., 1993: Behaviour and reproduction of the slender loris (Loris tardigradus ) in captivity. Folia Primatol.60: 146-157.

28) Hsu, T. C.; Benirschke, K. , 1977: An atlas of mammalian chromosomes, Vol. 10. Springer Verlag, New York.

29) Roonwal, M. L.; Mohnot, S. M. , 1977: Primates of South Asia: ecology, sociobiology and behavior. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

30) Sanderson, I. T. , 1940: The mammals of the north Cameroon forest area. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 14: 623-725.

31) Bearder, S. K.; Pitts, R. S. , 1987: Prosimians and tree shrews. Pp. 551-567 in: The UFAW handbook on the care and management of laboratory animals. Poole, T. B. (ed.), Longman, 6th edition.

32) Dutrillaux, B.; Couturier, J.; Lombard, M.; Chauvier, G., 1979: Cytogénétique de deux Lorisidae (Nycticebus coucang et Perodicticus potto ). Comparaison avec les lémuriens et les simiens. Ann. Génét. 22 (2): 93-98.

33) Rowe, N. (ed.), 1996: The pictorial guide of living primates. Pogonias Press, New York.

34) Schwartz, J., 1996: Pseudopotto martini: a new genus and species of extant lorisiform primate. Anthrop. Pap. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 78: 1-14.

35) Grzimek, B. (ed.), 1967: Grzimeks Tierleben. Kindler Verlag, Zürich.

36) Goonan, P. M.; Groves, C. P.; Smith, R. D., 1995: Karyotype polymorphism in the slender loris (Loris tardigradus). Folia Primatologica 65: 100-109.

37) ICZN (International code of zoological nomenclature) executive secretary, 1994: Announcement: Preservation of the genus name Loris for the slender loris. Folia Primatologica 63: 155.

38) Ratajszczak, R. , 1998: Taxonomy, distribution and status of the lesser slow loris Nycticebus pygmaeus and their implications for captive management. Folia Primatol. 69 (suppl. 1), Biology and conservation of prosimians (International conference held at the North of England Zoological Society, Chester, September 13-16, 1995): 171-174.

39) Groves, C. P., 1977: Taxonomy and Phylogeny of prosimians. Pp. 451-473 in: Martin, R. D.; Doyle, G. A.; Walker, A. C. (eds.): Prosimian anatomy, biochemistry and evolution. Duckworth, London

40) Kolar, K., 1967: Spitzhörnchen und Halbaffen. Pp. 277-331 in: Grzimeks Tierleben Bd.10, Kindler Verlag, Zürich

41) Müller, E., 1988: Loris und Galagos. Pp. 77-96 in: Grzimeks Enzyklopädie Säugetiere, Vol. 2, Grzimek, B. † (ed.), Kindler Verlag, München.

42) Simpson, G. G. , 1945: The principles of classification and a classification of mammals (Quoted in Groves, 1977)

43) Romer, A. S., 1967: Vertebrate Paleontology. 3rd edition, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois. (Pp. 215-228: Primates). (Quoted in Groves, 1977)

44) Groves, C. P., 1993: Order: primates, in: Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.), Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, 2nd edition, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, pp. 243-277.

45) Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M . (eds.), 1993: Mammal species of the world; a taxonomic and geographic reference. Second edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

46) Byrne, R. (ed.), 1997: New slow loris? IPS Bulletin 24 (2): 5. International Primatological Society. (Quoting Alterman, Freed 1997)

47) Alterman, L.; Freed, B. Z. , 1997: Description and survey of three Nycticebus species in Bolikhamxay Province, Laos. Primate Eye 63: 16

48) Petter, J.-J.; Petter-Rousseaux, A., 1979: Classification of the prosimians. Pp. 1-44 in: Doyle, G. A.; Martin, R. D. (eds.): The study of prosimian behaviour. Academic Press, New York.

49) Hoffstetter, R., 1974: Phylogeny and geographical development of the primates. J. Hum. Evol. 3: 327-350.

50) Morell, V., 1999: Ecology returns to speciation studies. Science 284 (25 June 1999): 2106-2108.

51) Smith, T. B.; Wayne, R. K.; Girman, D. J.; Bruford, M. W., 1997: A role for ecotones in generating rainforest biodiversity. Science (Washington D C), 276 (5320): 1855-1857. ISSN: 0036-8075

52) Köhn, G., 1995: Das Dilemma der Hybriden. BBC Wildlife (German edition), July 1995: 49.

53) Anderson, M. J. , 1998: Comparative morphology and speciation in galagos. Folia Primatol. 69 (suppl. 1): 325-331.

54) Bearder, S. K.; Honess, P. E.; Ambrose, L., 1995: Species diversity among galagos with special reference to mate recognition. Pp. 331-352 in: Alterman, L.; Doyle, G. A.; Izard, M. K. (eds.): Creatures of the Dark. The nocturnal prosimians. New York, Plenum Press.

55) Eibl-Eibesfeldt, I., 1958: Das Verhalten der Nagetiere. Pp. 1-88 in: Kükenthal, W. (ed.), Handbuch der Zoologie 8 (10). Berlin: De Gruyter.

56) Rasmussen, T.; Nekaris, K. , 1998: Evolutionary history of lorisiform primates. Folia Primatol. 69 (suppl. 1): 250-285.

57) Vacquier, V. D. , 1998: Evolution of gamete recognition proteins. Science 281: 1995-1998.

58) Nei, M.; Zhang, J. , 1998: Molecular origin of species. Science 282: 1428-1429.

59) Ayala, F., 1982: Mechanismen der Evolution. Pp. 21-30 in: Evolution. Spektrum der Wissenschaft Verlagsgesellschaft, Heidelberg. ISBN 3-922508-22-7.

60) Dobson, A. P., 1997: Biologische Vielfalt und Naturschutz: der riskierte Reichtum. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg. Translated into German from: Dobson, A. P., 1996: Conservation and biodiversity, W. H. Freeman and Company, New York.

61) Schwartz, J.; Shoshani, J.; Tattersall, I.; Simons, E.; Gunnell, G., 1998: Lorisidae Gray, 1821 and Galagidae Gray 1825 (Mammalia: Primates): proposed conservation as the correct original spellings. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 55 (3), September 1998.

62) Stewart-Cox, B.; Cubitt, G. , 1997: Thailand. Land zwischen Urwald und Korallenriffen. German edition: Weltbild Verlag, Augsburg.ISBN: 3-89440-238-5.
(English edition: Wild Thailand, New Holland 1995)

63) Altherr, S., 1997: Südostasien: Tiere zwischen Kochtopf und Apotheke.Mensch & Tier2/97: 24-26 (Stiftung Europäisches Tierhilfswerk; Chartrex Verlag, Hergiswil, Switzerland).

64) Groves, C. P., 1998: Systematics of tarsiers and lorises. Primates 39 (1): 13-27.

65) Eudey, Ardith, pers. comm., 2000: draft of the IUCN Primate Specialist Group

66) Nekaris, Anna , 1998-2001, pers. comm.

67) Nekaris, Anna , pers. comm., including data by Singh and Udhayan 1998, pers. obs.

68) Draft from Orlando Workshop, Febr. 2000

69) Swindler, D. R., 1976: Dentition of living primates. Academic Press, London (u. a.)

70) Hershkovitz, P., 1971 (quoted by Swindler): Basic crown patterns and cusp homologies of mammalian teeth. Pp. 95-150 in: Dahlberg, A. A. (ed.): Dental Morphology and Evolution. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago [u. a.].

71) Kinzey, W. G., 1973 (quoted by Swindler): Reduction of the cingulum in Ceboidea. Pp. 101-127 in: M. R. Zingeser (ed.): Craniofacial biology of primates 3. Karger, Basel.

72) Osborn, H. F., 1907 (quoted by Swindler): Evolution of mammalian molar teeth to and from the triangular type. W. K. Gregory (ed.). MacMillan Co., New York.

73) Remane, A. , 1960 (quoted by Swindler): Zähne und Gebiss. Pp. 637-846 in: Primatologia Vol. III/2. Hofer, H.; Schultz, A. H.; Starck, D. (eds.), Karger, Basel.

74) Szalay, F. S., 1969 (quoted by Swindler): Mixodectidae, Microsyopidae, and the insectivore-primate transition. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 140: 193-330.

75) Vandebroek, G., 1961 (quoted by Swindler): The comparative anatomy of the teeth of lower and non-specialized mammals. Internat. Colloq. on the evolution of lower and nonspecialized mammals. Kon. VI. Acad. Vetensch. Lett. Sch. Kunsten Belgie, Brussels, Kl. Wetensch. 1: 215-313.

76) Van Valen, L., 1966 (quoted by Swindler): Deltatheridia: a new order of mammals. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 135: 217-284.

77) Prater, S. H. (ed.), 1965: (The book of) Indian animals. Bombay Natural History Society.  (See also: 3rd edition, 1971?)

78) Cieciura, Sandrine and Lionel , 2000:  pers. comm., Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

79) Streicher, U., 2000-2004: unpublished data from work as a veterinarian at the Endangered Primate Rescue Center, Vietnam, including data from:
      Streicher, U., thesis in preparation.

80) Fooden, J., 1967: Report on primates collected in western Thailand, January - April, 1967. Fieldiana Zoology 59 (1): 3-62

81) WWF-CPO (Cameroon Programme Office) , 12 September 2000: http://www.wwfcameroon.org/main1.html, website on the conservation of Korup NP, Mount Kupe and Bakossi Forests.

82) Fooden, J. , 1996: Zoogoography of Vietnamese Primates. International Journal of Primatology 17 (5): 845-899.

83) Leon, B. S., 2000: A review of the validity of the new genus Pseudopotto (Schwartz, 1996). Poster abstract, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Suppl 30, p. 209-210.

84) Bearder, S., 1997-98: Pseudopott: when is a potto not a potto? African Primates 3 (1, 2): 43.

85) Groves, C. P., 1997-98: Pseudopotto martinii: a new potto? African Primates 3 (1, 2): 42.

86) Sarmiento, E., 1997-98: The validity of "Pseudopotto martinii". African Primates 3 (1, 2): 44-45.

87) Birstein, V., 1997-98: The problem oof subspecies: further comments. African Primates 3 (1, 2): 45-46.

88) Manley, G. H., 1966: Reproduction in lorisoid primates. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London 15 : 439-509

89) Manley, G. H., 1976: Functions of the external genital glands of Perodicticus and Arctocebus . Pp. 313-329 in: Prosimian Behaviour, Martin, R.D.; Doyle, G. A.; Walker, A. C. (eds.), Duckworth, London.

90) Charles-Dominique, P., 1966: Glandes préclitoridiennes de Perodicticus potto. Biol. Gabon . 2: 355-359

91) Charles-Dominique, P., 1977: Ecology and Behavior of Nocturnal Primates. Prosimians of Equatorial West Africa, Duckworth, London.

92) Napier, J. R.; Napier, P. H. , 1985: The natural history of primates. British Museum (Natural History).

93) Charles-Dominique, P., 1971: Éco-éthologie des prosimiens du Gabon. Biologica Gabonica VII (2):  121-228.

94) Kingdon, J., 1971: East African Mammals, Vol. 1, Academic Press, London

95) Schwarz, E., 1931:On the African short-tailed lemurs or pottos. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (London), Ser. 10; 8: 249-256

96) "Verflixt, sie haben mich entdeckt". Newspaper report, German, with photo from Sipa press, source and date unknown. (Comparable information possibly published in Science et Vie no. 967, 1998).

97) IUCN website, 20 November 2000: http://redlist.cymbiont.ca/splash.html

98) Osman Hill, W. C. , 1946/47: Thoracic transpedicular foramina in the Lorisidae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 116: 525-530.

99) Osman Hill, W. C. , 1948/49: Rhinoglyphics: epithelial stulpture of the mammalian rhinarium. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 118: 1-35.

100) Manley, G. H. , 1966 a: Prosimians as laboratory animals. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London 17: 11-39

101) Singh, M.; Lindburg, D. G.; Udhayan, A.; Anand Kumar, M.; Kumara, H. N., 1999: Status survey of slender loris Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus in Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India. Oryx 33 (1): 31-37.   ISSN: 0030-6053

102) Singh, M.; Anand Kumar, M.; Kumara, H. N.; Mohnot, S. M., 2000: Distribution and conservation of slender lorises (Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus ) in Southern Andhra Pradesh, South India. International Journal of Primatology 21 (4): 721-730.

103) Izard, M. K.; Rasmussen, D. T. , 1985: Reproduction in the slender loris (Loris tardigradus malabaricus ). American Journal of Primatology 8: 153-165.

104) Kinnear, N. B. , 1919: Notes on the Malabar slender loris, Loris lydekkerianus . Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 26 (3): 836-837.

105) Lydekker, R., 1904: On two lorises. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Vol. II: 345-346.

106) Mayor, R. W. , 1915: Field notes on Ceylon lorises quoted in Wroughton´s report. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, Vol. XXVI: 79.

107) Schultz.A. H. , 1948: Number of young at birth and the number of nipples in primates. American Journal of Physical Anthropology N. S. 6: 1-23.

108) Corbet, C. B.; Hill, J. E., 1992: The mammals of the Indomalayan region: a systematic revision. Natural History Museum publications, Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York. Primates: pp. 42-52; 161-185; 419-421.

109) Kappeler, P. M. , 1991: Patterns of sexual dimorphism in body weight among prosimian primates. Folia Primatologica 57: 132-146.

110) Ganguly, Suparna Baksi, 2001, pers. comm. (Wildlife Rescue and Rehab Center, Bangalore, India).

111) Schulze, H.; Meier, B., 1995: The subspecies of Loris tardigradus and their conservation status: a review. Pp. 193-209 in: Creatures of the Dark, Alterman, L.; Doyle, G.; Izard, M. K. (eds.), Plenum Press, New York.

112) Verner-Carlsson, Sophie (Skansen-Akvariet, Stockholm), 1995, pers. comm.

113) Werner, W. L., 1984: Die Höhen- und Nebelwälder auf der Insel Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt 46. Steiner, Wiesbaden. (German)

114) Chambers, M. R ., 1980: Horton Plains - to burn or not to burn. Loris - The journal of the wildlife and nature protection society of Ceylon 15 (3): 181-183.

115) Hladik, C. M.; Petter, J. J. , 1970: Le loris tardigrade. Observations de terrains effectuées à Ceylan. Science et Nature 101.

116) Devaraj Sarkar, H. B.; Murali, S.; Prasad, D. T.; Shekarappa, B. M.; Vijayalakshmi, V. , 1981: The population and distribution of the slender loris (Loris tardigradus) in Karnataka State. Tigerpaper 8 (1): 7-10. Bangkok.

117) Ratajszczak, Radoslaw , 1998, pers. comm.

118) Wiens, F., 1995: Verhaltensbeobachtungen am Plumplori, Nycticebus coucang (Primates: Lorisidae), im Freiland. Diplomarbeit im Fachbereich Biologie der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main (unpublished). (German)

119) Dixson, A. F. , 1987: Baculum length and copulatory behaviour in primates. AJP 13 : 51-60 (quoted by 33).

120) Bidasak, Ray, 2001, pers. comm.

121) Baskaran, S. T. , 1998: Primate in darkness. Internet publication under the address http://www.webpage.com/hindu/daily/980927/09/09271083.htm(seen on 3 February 2001) and in: The Hindu, Sunday, September 27, 1998: p. 38, section: entertainment. Also published in the IPPL newsletter

122) Xuefeng Zhang , 2001, pers. comm (Department for Neuroanatomy, Ruhr-University Bochum)

123) Sumner, F. B. , 1926: An analysis of geographic variation in mice of the Peromyscus polionotus group from Florida and Alabama. Journal of Mammalogy 7: 149-184 (+ 4 plates).

124) Sumner, F. B. , 1927: Linear and colorimetric measurements of small mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 8 (3): 177-206.

125) Napier, J. R.; Napier, P. H. , 1967: A handbook of living primates. Morphology, ecology and behaviour of nonhuman primates. Academic Press, London, New York.

126) Rode, P., 1937: Les primates de l´Afrique. Libraira Larose, Paris.

127) Booth, A. H., 1958: The zoogeography of West African primates: a review. Bull. Inst. Fr. Afr. Noire 20: 587-622.

128) Nachtrieb, H. F. , 1892: A new lemur (menagensis). Zool. Anz. 28: 147-148.

129) Achariyo, L. N.; Misra, R. , 1973: Notes on the birth and growth of a slow loris ( Nycticebus coucang ) in captivity. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 70 (1): 193-195.

130) Cabrera, A., 1908: Sobre los loris, y en especial sobre la forma filipina. Bol. Soc. Esp. H.N. 8: 135-139.

131) Taylor, E. H. , 1934: Philippine land mammals. Monogr. 30 (Bureau of science, Manila).

132) Chasen, F. N. , 1940: A handlist of Malaysian mammals. Bull. Raffles Mus. Singapore 15, I-XX: 1-209.

133) Thomas, 1910: Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8): v. 351.

134) Nicholls, L., 1939: Period of gestation of loris. Nature 143: 246.

135) Narayan Rao, C. R. , 1927: On the structure of the ovary and ovarian ovum of Loris lydekkerianus . Quartery J. Microsc. Sci. 71: 57-74

136) Narayan Rao, C. R. , 1932: Observations on the habits of the slow loris, Loris lydekkerianus . J. Bombay Natural History Soc. 32: 206-208

137) Ramaswami, L. S.; Anand Kumar, T. C., 1965: Some aspects of reproduction of the female slender loris, Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus (Cabr.). Acta Zool. (Stockholm) 46: 257-273.

138) B. Meier, unpublished data from L. t. nordicus breeding colonies at Lennestadt and Ruhr-University

139) Singh, Mewa, 2000, pers. comm., Biopsychology Laboratory, University of Mysore.

140) Manley, G. H. , 1967: Gestation periods in the Lorisidae. International Zoo Yearbook 7: 80-81.

141) Van Horn, R. N.; Eaton, G. G. , 1979: Reproductive physiology and behavior in prosimians. Pp. 79-122 in: Doyle, G. A.; Martin, R. D. (eds.): The Study of Prosimian Behavior. Academic Press, New York.

142) Ramakrishna, P. A.; Prasad, M. R. N., 1962: Reproduction in the male slender loris, Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus CABR. Current Science 31: 468-469.

143) Charles-Dominique, P., 1968: pp. 2-5 in: Entretien de Chizé I, R. Canivenc (ed.), Masson, Paris (quoted by Van Horn, Eaton 1979)

144) Kar Gupta, K., 2001: pers. comm.: A Report on the Slender loris Conservation and Ecology in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, India. (Final report).
      Abstract published: Kar-Gupta, K., 1995: Slender loris, Loris tardigradus, distribution and habitat use in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, India. Folia Primatologica 69 (suppl.): 401-402.

145) Kar-Gupta, K., in preparation: A study of distribution and habitat use by slender loris in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, India. Accepted with revision.
146) CUPA (Compassion unlimited plus Action) 2001: website of the Trust for the Welfare of Animals, Bangalore, Karnataka, India, associated with a Wildlife Rescue & Rehabilitation Centre. Address: http://cupabangalore.org (seen on 25 March 2001).

147) Anzenberger, G., 1997, pers. comm.: data of N. pygmaeus from illegal trade and their offspring, trade origin Bangkok, later via zoological station Eichberg to University Zürich-Irchel. Data from W. R. Spira, zoological station Eichberg, included.

148) Nekaris, K. A. I., 2001, pers. comm.: Loris data from the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois.

149) Fitch-Snyder, H.; Schulze, H.; Larson, L. et al., 1998: Huóng Dân Ky Thuât Nuôi Cu Li Châu Á [Management of Lorises in captivity]. First preliminary Vietnamese edition of a husbandry manual for Asian Loridae (Nycticebus & Loris spp.). Center for Reproduction of Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego, Box 551, San Diego, CA 92112-0551. (Vietnamese; update in preparation)

150) Gray, D. D., 2001: Indochina Primates Face Extinction. Article from Associated Press of Sunday June 3, published in: http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/ap/20010603/wl/exp_primates_in_peril_1.html

151) Kess, V., 2000-2001, pers. comm.: information collected during travelling for animal photograpy, partly hearsay from local people.

152) Wiens, Frank, 1998 ff, pers. comm.: information collected during several field studies on slow lorises

153) Fitch-Snyder, H. , 2001: Scientists: Tiny Primate Is Endangered . Article from ABC News of Wednesday May 09, published in: http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/abc/20010509/ts/endangered_pygmyloris010508_1.html

154) Fitch-Snyder, H. , 2001: E-mail from the Edge: Vietnam. Loris conservation . Article from San Diego Zoo of March 10, published in: http://www.sandiegozoo.org/wildideas/conservation/e_f_e_vietnam7.html

155) Eudey, A. A., 1987: IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group Action plan for Asian primate conservation: 1987-91

156) Huynh, D. H., 1998: Ecology, biology and conservation status of prosimian species in Vietnam. Folia Primatologica 69, Suppl. 1 (Proceedings of the international conference on the biology and conservation of prosimians, Chester, 13-17 November 1995): 101-108.

157) Frank, A., 2001: "Bush Meat" Crisis Needs Urgent Action, Group Warns. Article from National Geographic News, May 22, 2001, published at http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/05/0522_bushmeat.html

158) Satchell, M., 2000: Hunting to extinction. A wildlife crisis is forcing conservationists to rethink their tactics. From: Science & Ideas 10/9/00, published in: http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/001009/conserve.htm

159) Niba, F. N., 2001: Keeping Cameroon's primates from the pot. Article from BBCpublished on Thursday, 8 March, 2001, at http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/africa/newsid_1209000/1209338.stm

160) Fitch-Snyder, H.; Schulze, H.; Larson, L. et al., 2001: Management of Lorises in captivity. A husbandry manual for Asian Lorisines (Nycticebus & Loris spp.). Center for Reproduction of Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego, Box 551, San Diego, CA 92112-0551.

161) Züricher Tagesanzeiger , 30 January 1998: Neuer Winzling entdeckt [New tiny creature discovered]. Newspaper report, German, internet publication under http://tages-anzeiger.ch/archiv/98januar/980130/22832.HTM

162) Gippoliti, S. (IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group); Elisabetta Visalberghi, E. (Istituto di Psicologia, Roma) : Ordine Primates: elenco delle specie viventi, nome italiano e grado di minaccia [Italian names of primates. Website, visited on 16 July 2001: http://www.unipv.it/webbio/api/gippvisa.htm . (Italian)

163) CITES-Instruktion für den grenztierärztlichen Dienst, Artenliste Primates (Herrentiere) [CITES instructions for frontier veterinarian service; list of primate species], 2000. Website, visited on 16 July 2001: http://www.bvet.admin.ch/artenschutz/d/vollzugshilfen/as110/primates/primates_artenliste.pdf

164) Wiens, F.; Zitzmann, A. , 1999: Predation on a wild slow loris (Nycticebus coucang ) by a reticulated python (Python reticulatus). Folia Primatol. 70 (6): 362-364

165) Manna, G. K.; Talukdar, M. , 1968: An analysis of somatic chromosome complements of both sexes of two primates, the slender loris, Loris tardigradus, and rhesus monkey, Macaca mulatta. Mammalia 32: 118-130.

166) Rumpler, Y.; Warter, S.; Meier, B.; Preuschoft, H.; Dutrillaux, B., 1987: Chromosomal phylogeny of three Lorisidae: Loris tardigradus, Nycticebus coucang and Perodicticus potto. Folia Primatol. 48: 216-220.

167) Chiarelli, A. B. , 1973: Editorial addendum. Numerical data on the chromosomes of Tupaioidea, Lorisoidea, Lemuroidea and Tarsioidea. Journal of Human Evolution 2: 279-281.

168) Egozcue, J; Ushijima, R. N.; Vilarasau, de Egozcue, M., 1966: The chromosomes of the slender loris (Loris tardigradus). Mammalian Chromosome Newsletter 22 : 204.

169) Sharma, G. P.; Sobti, R. C.; Gupta, C. M., 1973: An anallysis of chromosomes of three primates from India. Journal of Human Evolution 2: 283-287.

170) Chu, E. H. Y.; Bender, M. A. , 1962: Cytogenetics and evolution of primates. Annals of the New York Academy of Scienes 102: 253-266.

171) Bender, M. A.; Mettler, L. E. , 1958: Chromosome studies on primates. Science 128: 186-190.

172) De Boer, L. E. M. , 1973: Studies on the cytogenetics of prosimians. Journal of Human Evolution 2: 271-278.

173) Egozcue, J.; Vilarasau de Egozcue, M., 1963: The chromosome complement of the slow loris (Nycticebus coucang ). Primates 7: 423-432.

174) Hayata, I.; Sonta, S.-I.; Itoh, M.; Kondo, N., 1971: Notes on the karyotypes of some prosimians, Lemur mongoz, Lemur catta , Nycticebus coucang and Galago crassicaudatus . The Japanese Journal of Genetics = Idegaku-Zasshi 46 (1): 61-64.  ISSN: 0021-504x

175) Klinger, H. P. , 1963: The somatic chromosomes of some primates (Tupaia glis, Nycticebus coucang , Tarsius bancanus,Cercocebus aterrimus , Symphalangus syndactylus ). Cytogenetics 2: 140-151.

176) Egozcue, J.; Vilarasau de Egozcue, M., 1966: The chromosomes of the Angwantibo (Arctocebus calabarensis ). Mammalian Chromosome Newsletter 20: 53.

177) Bender, M. A.; Chu, E. H. Y. , 1963: The chromosomes of primates. Pp. 261-310 in: Evolutionary and genetic biology of primates, vol. 1. Buettner-Janusch, J. (ed.), Academic Press, New York

178) Buettner-Janusch, J., 1963: An introducton to the primates. Pp. 1-64 in: Evolutionary and genetic biology of primates, vol. 1. Buettner-Janusch, J. (ed.), Academic Press, New York

179) Chu, E. H. Y.; Bender, M. A. , 1962: Chromosome cytology and evolution in primates. Science 133 : 1399-1405.

180) Egozcue, J., 1969: Primates. Pp. 357-389 in: Comparative mammalian cytogenetics, Benirschke, K. (ed.), Springer Verlag, Heidelberg.

181) De Boer, L. E. M. , 1973: Cytotaxonomy of the lorisoidea (primates: prosimii). II. Chromosome studies in the Lorisidae and karyological relationships within the superfamily. Genetica 44: 330-367.

182) De Boer, L. E. M. , 1972: Chromosome studies in some primates. Mammalian Chromosome Newsletter 13 : 4-6.

183) De Boer, L. E. M. , 1974: Cytotaxonomic studies in the primate suborders Prosimmii and Platyrrhini. Genen Phaenen 17: 341-351.

184) Garcia, M.; Miró, R.; Egozcue, J., 1978: Banding patterns of the chromosomes of Nycticebus coucang (Boddaert, 1785). Folia Primatologica 29: 103-106.

185) Stanyon, R.; Masters, J. C.; Romagno, D., 1987: The chromosomes of Nycticebus coucang (Boddaert, 1785) (primates: prosimii). Genetica 75: 145-152.

186) Mani, M. S., 1974: Ecology and biogeography in India. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague.

187) Takahashi, K.; Arakawa, H (eds.) , 1981: Climates of southern and western Asia. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

188) Eisenberg, J. F.; Lockhart, M., 1972: An ecological reconnaissance of Wilpattu National Park, Ceylon. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 101: 1 - 119. Smithsonian Press, Washington.

189) MacKinnon, K. , 1987: Conservation status of primates in Malaysia, with special reference to Indonesia. Primate Conservation 8: 175-183.

190) Harrison, J. L. , 1962: The apes and monkeys of Malaya. Pp. 19-20 in: National Museum, Singapore.

191) Stevenson, M.; Baker, A.; Foose, T. J., 1992: Global captive action plan for primates. Conservation International, New York.

192) Truong quang Tam , 2001, pers. comm. Institute for Tropical Biology, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; survey data from Nui Chua nature reserve, central Vietnam and other information.

193) Fitch-Snyder, H., 2001-2003, pers. comm.: data from own work at the Center for Breeding of Endangered Species, San Diego Zoological Society , the US prosimian Taxon Advisory Group, loris studbooks and from cooperation with Vietnamese institutions.

194) MacKinnon, J.; MacKinnon, K. , 1987: Conservation status of the primates of the Indo-Chinese subregion. Primate Conservation 8: 187-195.

195) Fredman, T., 2001, pers. comm. (Director of the Israeli primate sanctuary foundation, Monkey Park, Kfar-Daniel, Israel).

196) Daffner-Ellinger, D.; Ellinger, W., 1999-2000, pers. comm. (Veterinarians, Munich, Germany; data from quarantaining and rearing confiscated, illegally imported lorises).

197) Tan, C. L., 1994: Survey of Nycticebus pygmaeus in southern Vietnam. Proceedings of the XVth Congress of the International Primatological Society: 136.

198) Ramakantha, V. , 1991: A note on slow loris survival in N.-E. India with particular reference to native beliefs about its curative and culinary properties. Zoo´s print 6 (8): 16.

199) Noss, H. J., 2001: Documentary Photography Worldwide; photo gallery including images relating to bushmeat taken in and around the Dzanga Ndoki National Park, Central African Republic, at http://www.halnoss.com

200) Hofmann, T.; Roth, H. H.; Ellenberg, H., 1998: Wildtierfleisch als natürliche Ressource der Feuchtwaldgebiete in Westafrika [Wild animal meat as a natural resource of rainforest areas in west Africa]. Edited by the GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, Eschborn, Germany. TZ-Verlagsgesellschaft, Roßdorf, ISBN: 1-933984-12-2. http://www.gtz.de/toeb/pdf/TOEB_Wildtierfleisch_als_natuerliche_Ressource_der_Feuchtwaldgebiete_in_Westafrika.pdf . Seen: 26 August 2001.

201) Ammann, K., 1998: The African Bushmeat Trade ­ A Recipe For Extinction. Website by Ape Alliance, c/o Flora International, Cambridge. http://www.google.de/search?q=cache:4LMFDB2inkk:www.4apes.com/bushmeat/report/bushmeat.pdf+%22Bush+meat%22+potto&hl=de . Seen: 26 August 2001.

202) Steel, E. A., 1994: Study of the value and volume of bushmeat commerce in Gabon. WWF Programme pour le Gabon. Libreville. Gabon.

203) Nowak, R. M. (ed.), 1991: Primates. Pp. 400 - 514 in: Walker´s mammals of the world, 5th ed., vol. 1, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

204) Noss, Haldor J. , 2001: pers. comm. (documentary photographer who has grown up in Gbaya villages in Cameroon, West Africa)

205) Dr. Noss, Philip A., 2001, pers. comm. ( linguist who lived in Cameroon from the 1950's through 1983 and, together with Père Blanchard, develops a Gbaya-French dictionary)

206) Duke University Primate Center page about pottos, http://www.duke.edu/web/primate/potto.html . Last updated July 23, 1999; seen 24.09.01

206) Situge, H., 2001: The loris in lore and literature. Loris (Wildlife and Nature Protection Society of Sri Lanka) 22 (2): 14-16. (Copy received from Wasantha, Anna Nekaris)

207: Vijitha Perera, 2001, pers. comm: information from work as a wildlife veterinarian at the Wildlife Health Management Center, Department of Wildlife Conservation, Hettipola- Wilgamuwa, Sri Lanka

208 Born Free foundation website , 2001: website against cruelty, suffering of animals. http://www.bornfree.org.uk/primate/primupdate2.htm . Seen on 6 September 2001.

209) The Colobus Trust / Wakuluzu Trust website , 2001: Saving the Colobus Monkey in its coastal forest habitat in Diani / Kenya. http://www.kenyabeach.com/colobus.html . Seen on 6 September 2001

210) Indrawan, M.; Rangkuti, F. , 2001: Status des Natuna-Langurs auf den Natuna-Inseln [status of the langur Presbytis femoralis natunae on the Natuna Islands ]. ZGAP Mitteilungen 17 (2): 20-21. (By the Zoological Society for the Conservation of Species and Populations). (German).

211) Nekaris, K. A. I.; Jayewardene, J., in preparation (200/2002): Final Report: Preliminary Survey and Pilot Study of the Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus) in Sri Lanka. IUCN Primate Conservation Newsletter

212) Radhakrishna, S. , 2000: Reproductive and social behaviour of the slender loris (Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus). Synopsis of the Ph.D. Thesis to be submitted. Department of Studies in Psychology, University of Mysore, Mysore 560 007, July 2000.

213) Kingdon, J., 1997: The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, London

214) Cowgill, U. M.; Zeman, L. B. , 1980: Life span in captive nocturnal prosimians (Perodicticus potto ) with reproduction and mortality records. Primates 21 (3): 437-439.

215) Hladik, C. M. , 1979: Diet and ecology in prosimians. Pp. 307-358 in: The Study of Prosimian Behavior, Doyle, G. A.; Martin, R. D. (eds.), Academic Press, New York.

216) Barrett, E., 1984: The ecology of some nocturnal, arboreal mammals in the rainforest of peninsular Malaysia. Ph.D. thesis, Cambridge University.

217) Sri Lanka Wildlife Conservation Society: Checklist of the mammals of Sri Lanka. http://benthic.com/sri_lanka/check3.htm . Seen 18.04.02.

218) Groves, Colin , pers. comm. School of Archaeology and Anthropology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia. http://arts.anu.edu.au/grovco/

219) Tennent, Sir J. E. , 1860: Ceylon. An account of the island, physical, historical, and topographical, with notices of its natural history, antiquities and productions. 5th edition. Vol. I. Longman, Green, Longman and Roberts, London. Pp. 133-135: Loris description.

220) ICZN (International code of zoological nomenclature) executive secretary, 1994: Application, Case 2953: Loris E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1796 (Mammalia: Primates): proposed conservation. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51 (4), 332-335.
(See also: Brandon-Jones, D., 1994: Loris under threat. Folia Primatologica 63 (3): 36).

221) IPS Newsletter , Announcement,1996: Proposed nomenclatural change: Lorisidae Gray, 1821, Galagidae Gray, 1825 and Indriidae Burnett, 1828 (Mammalia: Primates): conserved as the correct original spellings. IPS Newsletter 23 (1): 2-3.

222) ICZN (International code of zoological nomenclature) executive secretary, 2002: Opinion 1995: Lorisidae Gray, 1821, Galagidae Gray, 1825 and Indriidae Burnett, 1828 (Mammalia: Primates): conserved as the correct original spellings. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 59 (1), March 2002: 65-67.
(See also: Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51 (1994): 332-335; BZN 55 (1999): 165-168; BZN 56 (1999): 73; BZN 57 (2000): 121-123).

223) Srivastata, A., 1999: Primates of Northeast India. Megadiversity Press, Bikaner, India. ISBN: 81-87585-00-5.

224) KSBK (Konservasi Satwa Bagi Kehidupan = Animal Conservation For Life, Indonesia) investigation: Primate trade in Mall (on Java). http://www.ksbk.or.id/primate.html . Data collected: January to May 1999. Website seen: 31.10.01.

225) KSBK (Konservasi Satwa Bagi Kehidupan = Animal Conservation For Life, Indonesia) investigation: Primate trade in Sulawesi. http://www.ksbk.or.id/trade.html . Data collected: February-July 1999. Website seen: 31.10.01.

226) Heinrichs, Scott, pers. comm. to Anna Nekaris, 2002: observations on bird markets in Jakarta, Java.

227) Nekaris, K. A. I.; Jayewardene, J., in preparation (2001/2002): Final Report: Preliminary Survey and Pilot Study of the Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus) in Sri Lanka. IUCN Primate Conservation Newsletter

228) Lahm, S., 1996: Gabons village hunting: assessing its impact. In: electronic version of African Primates 2 (1), newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, July 1996: http://www.primate.wisc.edu/pin/news/apn2.1.html . [From African Wildlife Update 4 (3)]. Seen: 25.07.02.

229) Choudhury, A., 1996: Primates in Bherjan, Borajan and Podumoni reserved forests of Assam, India. In: electronic version of Asian Primates 5 (3-4), December 1995 / March 1996, newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/news/journals/Asian.5.3.html. Seen last: 20.08.04.
Data based on: Choudhury, A., 1995: Wildlife Survey in Bherjan, Borajan, & Podumoni Reserved Forests of Tinsukia District, Assam, with a proposal for a Wildlife Sanctuary. The Rhino Foundation for Nature in NE India, Guwahati.

230) Wenjun, L.; Fuller, T. K.; Sung, W., 1996: A survey of wildlife trade in Guangxi and Guangdong, China. In: Electronic version of Asian Primates 5 (3-4), December 1995 / March 1996, newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, http://www.primate.wisc.edu/pin/news/Asian.5.3.html . Seen: 25.07.02.
Summary from Traffic Bulletin 16 (1): 9-16

231) Cleovoulou, M., 1998: Indigenous Knowledge of the Wildlife Species of the North Mo Traditional Area, Ghana. http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/cleovoulou/ppiknmta.htm . Seen 26 August 2001.

232) Baker, A. J.; Porton, I. , 2002: The American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) Prosimian Taxon Advisory Group´s Regional Collection Plan (RCP) for prosimians. http://www.asp.org/asp2002/abstractDisplay.cfm?abstractID=377&confEventID=287 , a website by American Society of Primatologists. Revised 24 March 2002, seen: 16 June 2002.

233) Groves, C., 2001: Primate Taxonomy (Smithsonian Series in Comparative Evolutionary Biology). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, London.    ISBN: 156098872X

234) Henning, A. H., 2002: Urson - Die Welt der Säugetiere; Checklist Sri Lanka. http://www.urson.de/Checklists/srilanka.htm. German mammal website with list of Sri Lankan mammals, adapted into German, based on the website of the Sri Lanka Wildlife Conservation Society, http://benthic.com/sri_lanka/index.htm. Seen 24 September 2002.

235) Translation of English vernacular names by the compiler

236) Hilton-Taylor, C. (compiler) 2000: 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xviii + 61pp., via website,  http://www.redlist.org. Seen 6 September 2002.

237) Flannery, S. (website coordinator), 2001: Primate Info Net: Martin's False Potto (Pseudopotto martini). Website by the Wisconsin Primate Research Center, http://www.primate.wisc.edu/pin/factsheets/pseudopotto_martini.html. Seen 24 September 2002.

238) CUREF (Conservación y Utilización Racional de los Ecosistemas Forestales de Guinea Ecuatorial), 1999: Lista de especies clasificada según criterios de amenaza. CUREF / Internet Africa project website, http://www.internetafrica.com/curef/ES/especies_amenazadas.htm. Seen 24 September 2002.

239) Haltenorth, T.; Diller, H., 1985: Mammifères d´Afrique et de Madagascar. Delachaux & Niestlé, Neuchâtel - Paris (ISBN 2-603-00568-5).

240) Zimmermann, E., 1989: Reproduction, physical growth and behavioral development in slow loris (Nycticebus coucang, Lorisidae). Human Evolution 4 (2-3): 171-179.

241) Tan, B., 1985. The status of primates in China. Primate Conserv. 5: 63-81 (quoted in Nowak, R., 1995: Walker´s mammals of the World, online edition by John Hopkins University Press. Lorisidae: http://www.press.jhu.edu/books/walker/primates.lorisidae.html. Seen: 30 January 2003)

242) Ji, W.; Peng, Y., 1990: Primatology study in China. Primate Report 26: 3-11.

243) Gaulke, M., 2001: Philippinen. Naturreiseführer. NTV, Münster.  ISBN: 3-931587-39-8

244) Supriatna, J.; Hendras, E., 2000: Paduan Lapangan - Primata Indonesia. Jayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta. ISBN: 979-461-355-X.

245) Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense (MZB) = Zoology Museum, Bogor, Java, 2003: data from slow loris specimen labels of skins in the museum collection, with kind permission.

246) H. Schulze, Ruhr-University Bochum, unpublished data from management of a slender loris breeding and conservation project.

247) Suyanto, A.; Yoneda, M.; Maryanto, I.; Maharadatunkamsi; Sugardjito, J., 2002: Checklist of the mammals of Indonesia. Scientific name and distribution area table in Indonesia including CITES, IUCN and Indonesian category for conservation. 2nd edition. LIPI-JICA-PHKA, Bogor. ISBN: 979-579-025-0.

248) CITES-Instruktion für den grenztierärztlichen Dienst, 2000 - Artenliste Primates (Herrentiere) [CITES instructions for frontier veterinarian service]. Website, German, http://www.bvet.admin.ch/artenschutz/d/vollzugshilfen/as110/primates/primates_artenliste.pdf. Seen 14 July 2001.

249) IUCN red list of threathened species website: http://www.redlist.org.
Red list catergories: see http://www.redlist.org/info/categories_criteria1994.html#categories

250) Maryanto, I., 1996: Variasi dermatoglifi pada Kukang [Nycticebus coucang (Boddaert 1893)] asal Malaya, Sumatra, Jawa dan Kalimantan. [Dermatoglyphic variation in slow lorises from Malaya, Sumatra, Java and Kalimantan]. Zoo Indonesia 28: 1-11. ISSN: 0215-191x.   (Indonesian, English abstract)

251) Groves, Colin, pers. comm.(School of Archaeology and Anthropology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia. http://arts.anu.edu.au/grovco/.): data from labels of museum specimens from Smithsonian, Philadelphia, London, Singapore

252) Bennett, E. L.; Nyaoi, A.; Sompud, J., 1994: Primates on the menu: hunting and its effects in Malaysian Borneo. Abstract. P. 133 in: Handbook and abstracts of the XVth Congress of the International Primatological Society, 3-8 August 1994, Kuta - Bali, Indonesia.

253) Results of a workshop on loris and tarsier conservation and taxonomy at the Schmutzer Primate Center (Jakarta) and LIPI (Bogor), Indonesia, February 2003. Publication of results planned.

254) Ron, T., 1994: Present and prospective trade in live primates through the Middle-East. Abstract. P. 132 in: Handbook and abstracts of the XVth Congress of the International Primatological Society, 3-8 August 1994, Kuta - Bali, Indonesia.

255) MacKinnon, K., 1986: Conservation status of nonhuman primates in Indonesia. Pp. 99-126 in: Benirschke, K. (ed.): Primates, the road to self-sustaining populations. Springer, New York.

256) Colijn, E.; Muchtar, M.: Indonesian Nature Conservation Database. Online database with information about species and protected areas of Indonesia, sponsored by the Gibbon Foundation. http://www.nature-conservation.or.id/  Mammal species database under construction, loris information at http://www.nature-conservation.or.id/primates/ . Seen 28 February 2003.

257) Fooden, J., 1991: Eastern limit of distribution of the slow loris, Nycticebus coucang. International Journal of Primatology 12 (3): 287-290.

258) Utami, S. S.; Van Hooff, J. A. R. A. M., 1997: Meat-eating by adult female Sumatran orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus abelii). American Journal of Primatology 43: 159-165.

259) Saleh, Ch., Endangered Species campaign Coordinator, WWF Indonesia, pers. comm., 2003

260) Wedana, M., Koordinator Pendidikan, Schmutzer Primate Center, Ragunan, Jakarta: pers. comm, 2003.

261) Elliott, D. G., 1913: A review of the primates. Monograph No. 1 Volume 1, Lemuroides - Daubentonia to Indris, Anthropoidea - Seniocebus to Saimiri. American Museum of Natural History, New York.

262) Den Haas, Femke, quality controller animal care and paramedic, pers. comm., 2003: information from work at the Schmutzer Primate Center, Ragunan Zoo, Jakarta, and translation of Indonesian information.

263) Wiens, F., 2002: Behavior and ecology of wild slow lorises (Nycticebus coucang): social organization, infant care system, and diet. Dissertation, faculty of biology, chemistry and geosciences of Bayreuth University. Bayreuth, February 2002.

264) Lekagul, B.; McNeely, J. A., 1998: Mammals of Thailand. 2 Edition. Saha Karn Bhaet, Bangkok. ISBN: 974-86806-1-4)

265) Pocock, R. I., 1939: The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma: second edition, Vol. Mammalia I, primates and carnivora (in part), families Felidae and Viverridae. Taylor and Francis, London.

266) Sibuea, T. T. H., 1994: Agroforest area (the damar gardens): one of the alternatif for primate conservation in situ in Sumatra. Abstract. P. 120 in: XVth Congress of the International Primatological Society, 3-8 August 1994, Kuta - Bali, Indonesia. Handbook and abstracts.

267) Thanh, V. N., 2002: The status and conservation of the loris species, Nycticebus coucang and N. pygmaeus in Vietnam. Abstract. P. 254 in: XIXth Congress of the International Primatological Society, 4th - 9th August, 2002, in Beijing, China: Abstracts: Caring for primates. Published by the Mammalogical Society of China, Beijing.

268) Wikramanayake, E. D.; Gunatilleke, S., 2001: Sri Lanka montane rain forests (IM0155). http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/im/im0155_full.html (Series: www.worldwildlife.org, Wild World WWW full report. Seen: 24 Sept. 2002. Originally published in: Wikramanayake, E.; Dinerstein, E.; Loucks, C. J. et al., 2001: Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A Conservation Assessment. Island Press, Washington, Covelo, CA. Sponsored by World Wildlife Fund. ISBN: 1-55963-923-7.

269) Nekaris, K. A. I.; Jayewardene, J., 2002: Status survey of the slender loris (Loris tardigradus) in Sri Lanka. Abstract. P. 256 in: XIXth Congress of the International Primatological Society, 4th - 9th August, 2002, in Beijing, China: Abstracts: Caring for primates. Published by the Mammalogical Society of China, Beijing.

270) Fitch-Snyder, H.; Thanh, V. N., 2002: A preliminary survey of lorises (Nycticebus spp.) in northern Vietnam. Asian Primates 8 (1-2): 1-3.

271) Kappeler, M.: photo of a typical javan slow loris observed in the Ujung-Kulon-Nationalpark, in the website: http://www.markuskappeler.ch/fot/frafot.html. Seen: 7 February 2002.

272) Unep system-wide earth-watch Islands website, http://www.unep.ch/islands/, seen 8 April 2002

273) Warokka, J. S., 1999: Visit to Natuna Islands to asses Natuna Wilt Disease. http://www.burotrop.org/bulletin/14/natuna.pdf. Seen 10 April 2003

274) Tioman Dive Center website: An introduction to Tioman Island. http://www.tioman.50megs.com/tiomanisland.htm. Seen: 10 April 2003.

275) Gupta, A. K., 2002: Protected area network and primate conservation in India. Abstract. P. 255-256 in: XIXth Congress of the International Primatological Society, 4th - 9th August, 2002, in Beijing, China: Abstracts: Caring for primates. Published by the Mammalogical Society of China, Beijing.

276) BIMS (Biodiversity Information Management System On-Line) website (undated): http://www.geoanalytics.com/bims/, including: Morgan, G.: The World Bank: Indo-Malayan realm study final report. http://www.geoanalytics.com/bims/2c.htm. Seen 9 April 2003

277) SAM/06 virtual advisory team website: Allgemeine Wirtschaftsinformationen Indonesien [General business information Indonesia]. (German). http://www.construction.de/info/asiainfo/business/indones.htm. Seen 10 April 2003

278) Firama PhotoGraphic: Taman Nasional Indonesia. National park website: http://firama.8m.com/tamannasional.html. Seen: 9 April 2003.

279) Jakarta Post: 27/8/2002: Tricks of the protected animal trade. http://www.orangutansonline.com/articles/article108.htm. In: Orangutan online website. Seen 30 March 2003

280) Morrison, J., 2001: Western Java rain forests (IM0168). http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/im/im0168.html. WWW report. Seen: 20 April 2003.

281) Jimenez M. II; Jiménez, M. G., 1999-2003: in: El Zoológico Electrónico: Taxonomía. http://www.damisela.com/zoo/mam/primates/loridae/index.htm. Seen 20 April 2003.  (Spanish)

282) Ware, David, 2001, pers. comm.: information from work as a projects coordinator, Wildlife assistance projects in Cambodia "WAPIC", Pnom Penh.

283) Zhijun, W.; Huojie, Ch.;Delin, W., 1996: The status on wildlife trade near the port areas in Yunnan. Pp. 197-210 in: Conserving China's Biodiversity (II), P. J. Schei; S. Wang; Y. Xie (eds.): China Environmental Science Press. Beijing. Online in http://www.chinabiodiversity.com/shwdyx/technical-report-e/x-7e.htm. Seen 1 April 2003

284) Kaur, N., 1997 extracts from an article in  The Week, Nov 16 1997 in: Indian Wildlife Club website: Traders cash in on weak wildlife laws. http://www.indianwildlifeclub.com/mainsite/poor.asp. Source: IPS. Seen 31 March 2003.

285) The Asian age, September 15, 1999: India conduit to wildlife trade, spurt in smuggling. Based on a WWF India report. http://sdnp.delhi.nic.in/resources/biodiv/news/aa-15-9-wwf.html. Seen 30 March 2003

286) Van Leeuwe, H.; Gautier-Hion, A., 1998. Forest Elephant Paths and Movements at the Odzala National Park, Congo: the Role of Clearings and Marantaceae Forests. African Journal of Ecology 36 (2): 174-182.

287) GISBAU (GIS Laboratory of the Animal and Human Biology Department) website: Perodicticus potto. http://www.gisbau.uniroma1.it/amd/amd005.html. Also in http://gorilla.bio.uniroma1.it/data/amd/amd005/amd005.pdf. Seen 6 June 2003

288) Streicher, U.; Schulze, H., 2002: Seasonal changes in fur pattern and colouration in the pygmy loris Nycticebus pygmaeus. Podium presentation abstract, XIXth Congress of the International Primatological Society, 4th - 9th August, 2002, in Beijing, China: Abstracts: Caring for primates. Published by the Mammalogical Society of China, Beijing.

289) Streicher, U., 2003: Saisonale Veränderungen in Fellzeichnung und Fellfärbung beim Zwergplumplori (Nycticebus pygmaeus) und ihre taxonomische Bedeutung. [Seasonal changes of fur patterns and colouration in the pygmy loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus) and their taxonomic meaning]. Der Zoologische Garten 73 (6): 368-373.  ISSN 0044-5169.  (German, with colour tables)

290) Groves, C. P., January 2004 in preparation (quoted in the following, title not yet known)

291) Schulze, H.; Groves, C., submitted (January 2004): Asian Lorises: taxonomic problems caused by illegal trade. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium: Conservation of Primates in Vietnam, at Cuc Phuong National Park, 18. - 20. November 2003.

292) Pimley, E. R.; Bearder, S. K., 2004 in press: Potto (Perodicticus potto) chapter. In: Vegetation, Climate and Geology of Africa, Evolution of African Mammals (Kingdon, J., Happold, D. and Butysnki, T eds.). Vol. 1.

293) Japanese online animal shops with lorises, pottos, tarsiers and other primates offered. Seen in 2003 and 2004. Addresses known to the database compiler, but not included here to avoid bringing them new customers.

294) Singleton, Ian (Scientific Director, Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Programme), pers. comm., March 2004

295) Sugardjito, J.; Nurhadi, N., 1981. Meat-eating behaviour in wild orangutans, Pongo pygmaeus. Primates 22: 414-416.

296) Smits, Willie, 2003: pers. comm.; data from work of the Gibbon Foundation and Schmutzer Primate Center, Jakarta.

Privacy policy / Datenschutz

Back to the top of this page
Loris and potto conservation database: populations
Last amendment: 23 March 2004

Home Rescue Centers
Taxonomy, populations
Identification key Distribution maps Database for genera, species & populations
Info for field studies & wild population surveys Reintroduction to the wild Captive care
Conservation breeding
Diseases of lorises and pottos Behaviour General Info