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Literature: loris and potto behaviour
Not yet completely updated; for more see also publication lists of coauthors
 

General review of prosimian behaviour:

Doyle, G. A., 1974: Behavior of prosimians. Pp. 155-353 in: Behavior of nonhuman primates: modern research trends, Vol. 5, A. M. Schrier; F. Stollnitz (eds.), Academic Press, New York.
 

Some literature about loris and potto behaviour
and comparable behaviour in other prosimians

Andrew, R. J.; Klopman, R. B., 1976: Urine-washing: comparative notes. Pp. 303-312 in: "Prosimian Behavior", R. D.Martin, G. A. Doyle, and A. C. Walker, (eds.), Duckworth, London.

Barrett, E., 1984: The ecology of some nocturnal, arboreal mammals in the rainforests of peninsular Malaysia. Ph.D. Thesis, Cambridge University

Bearder, S. K.; Nekaris, K. A. I.; Buzzell, C. A., 2001: Dangers in the night: are some nocturnal primates afraid of the dark? Abstract. XVIIIth Congress of the International Primatological Society: Primates in the new millennium. 7 - 12 January 2001, Adelaide, Australia.

Bearder, S. K.; Nekaris, K. A. I.; Buzzell, C. A., in press (March 2001): Dangers in the night: are some nocturnal primates afraid of the dark? In: Lynne Miller (ed.): Eat or Be Eaten: Predator Sensitive Foraging.

Buzzell, Courtney A., 1999: Field observations of antipredator behavior in the slender loris (Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus). Thesis, Washington University, Department of Anthropology.

Charles-Dominique, P., 1966: Birth and development of Arctocebus calabarensis in captivity - naissance et croissance d'Arctocebus calabarensis en captivité. Biologica gabonica 2: 331-345

Charles-Dominique, P., 1977: Ecology and Behavior of Nocturnal Primates. Prosimians of Equatorial West Africa, Duckworth, London.

Cooper, H. M., 1976: Ecological correlates of visual learning in nocturnal prosimians. Pp. 191-203 in: Martin, R. D.; Doyle, G. A.; Walker, A. C. (eds.): Prosimian Behaviour. Duckworth, London.

Cowgill, U. M., 1976: Co-operative behaviour in Perodicticus. Pp. 261-272 in: Prosimian Behaviour, Martin, R. D.; Doyle, G. A.; Walker, A. C. (eds.),. Duckworth, London

Cowgill, U. M., 1968: An apparent example of displacement behavior in the prosimian Perodicticus potto. Folia primatol. 8: 148-149.

Cowgill, U. M, 1969: Some observations on the prosimian Perodicticus potto. Folia Primatol. 11: 144-150.

Daschbach, N. J.; Schein, M. W.; Haines, D. E., 1983: Cage-size effects on locomotor, grooming and agonistic behaviours of the slow loris, Nycticebus coucang (Primates, Lorisidae). Applied Animal Ethology 9: 317-330.

Dixson, A. F.., 1995: Sexual selection and the evolution of copulatory behavior in nocturnal prosimians. Pp. 93-118 in: Creatures of the Dark: the nocturnal prosimians, Alterman, L.; Doyle, G. A.; Izard, M. K. (eds.), Plenum Press, New York.

Doyle, G. A., 1975: Some aspects of urine-washing in four species of prosimian primate under semi-natural laboratory conditions. Pp. 232-237 in: "Contemporary Primatology", 5th Int. Congr. Primat., Nagoya 1974, S. Kondo, H. Kawai and A. Ehara (eds.), Karger, Basel.

Ehrlich, A., 1968: Food-motivated behavior in prosimians. Folia primatol. 8: 66-71.

Ehrlich, A., 1968: Activity levels in prosimians. Folia Primat. 8: 72-76.

Ehrlich, A., 1969: Behavioral characteristics of the slow loris, galago and rhesus monkey. Pp. 119-127 in: Proc. 2nd int. Congr. Primatol., Atlanta, GA1968, Vol. 1. Karger, Basel.

Ehrlich, A., 1974: Infant development in two prosimian species: greater galago and slow loris. Developmental Psychobiology 7 (5): 439-454.

Ehrlich, A.; Macbride, L., 1989: Mother-infant interactions in captive slow lorises (Nycticebus coucang). Am. J. Primatol. 19 : 217-228.

Ehrlich, A.; Musicant, A., 1976: Visual discrimination learning and memory in nocturnal prosimians. Animal learning and behavior 4 (4): 431-435.

Ehrlich, A.; Musicant, A., 1977: Social and individual behaviors in captive slow lorises. Behaviour 60: 195-220.

Feng, Q.; Wang, Y.; Li, C., 1992: Mother-infant interaction in captive middle slow loris slow loris (Nycticebus intermedius) in captivity. Acta Theriologica Sinica 12 (3): 167-174. (Chinese; English abstract)

Feng, Q.; Wang, Y.; Li, C., 1993: Reproduction of slow loris (Nycticebus intermedius) in captivity. Zoological Research 14 (1): 21-26. ISSN: 0254-5853. (Chinese; English abstract)

Fisher, H. S.; Swaisgood, R. R.; Fitch-Snyder, H., 2003: Odor familiarity and female preferences for males in a threatened primate, the pygmy lorises (Nycticebus pygmaeus): applications for genetic management of small populations. Naturwissenschaften 90: 509-512.

Fisher, H. S.; Swaisgood, R. R.; Fitch-Snyder, H., 2003: Countermarking by male pygmy lorises (Nycticebus pygmaeus): do females use odor cues to select mates with high competitive abilities?. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 53: 123-130.

Feng, Q.; Wang, Y.; Li, C., 1994: Progress of studies on intermediate slow loris in captivity. Zhongguo Lingzhanglei Yanjiu Tongxun / Chinese Primate Research and Conservation News 3 (1): 11-12 (Chinese; English abstract)

Fitch-Snyder, H., 2000: Reproductive patterns in a breeding colony of pygmy lorises (Nycticebus pygmaeus) measured by behavioral and physiological correlates of gonadal activities. Thesis, San Diego State University.

Fitch-Snyder, H.; Jurke, M. S.; Jurke, S.; Tornatore, N., 1999: “Behavioral and Physiological Correlates of Reproduction in a Breeding Colony of Pygmy Lorises (Nycticebus pygmaeus). American Journal of Primatology.

Glassman, D. M.; Wells, J. P., 1984: Positional and activity behavior in a captive slow loris: a quantitative assessment. Am. J. Primatology 7: 121-132.

Goonan, P. M., 1993: Behaviour and reproduction of the slender loris (Loris tardigradus) in captivity. Folia Primatol. 60: 146-157.

Gorter, F. J., 1937: Experiments on the learning and problem solving of Nycticebus tardigradus L.. Arch. Neerl. Zool. 2: 95 - 111.

Gursky, S.; Nekaris, K. A. I.  (eds:), 2003: Mating, Birthing and Rearing Systems of Nocturnal Prosimians. Folia Primatologica Supp. 74. Karger, Basel. ISBN 3-8055-7677-3

Gursky, S. G.; Nekaris, K. A. I., 2003: Patterns of mating, birthing and rearing in nocturnal prosimians: an historical perspective. Pp. 241-245 in: Mating, Birthing and Rearing Systems of Nocturnal Prosimians. Folia Primatologica Supp. 74 (S. Gursky and K. A. I. Nekaris, eds.),: Karger, Basel. ISBN 3-8055-7677-3

Jaenicke, C.; Ehrlich, A., 1972: Effects of animate vs. inanimate stimuli on curiosity behavior in greater galago and slow loris. Primates 23 (1): 95-104.

Jingxia, C.; Yufen, T.; Yuanye, M., 1990: A comparative study on cognitive function of the brain in the slow loris (Nycticebus coucang) and rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). Abstract, Primate Report 26: Primatology in China. March 1990.

Jolly, A., 1964 a: Prosimians´ manipulation of simple object problems. Animal behaviour 12: 560-570.

Jolly, A., 1964 b: Choice of cue in prosimian learning. Animal behaviour 12: 571-577.

Johnson, J. M., 1984: Diurnal activities of the slender loris, Loris tardigradus, in the Mundanthurai Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu (India). Pp. 389-395 in: Current primate researches, M. L. Roonwal; S. M. Mohnot; N. S. Rathore (eds.), Jodhpur

Kar Gupta, K., 1995: Slender loris, Loris tardigradus, distribution and habitat use in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, India. Folia Primatologica 69 (suppl.): 401-402.

Kar Gupta, K.; Nash, L. T., 2001: Large testes and pair bonds: how does slender loris mate? Abstract. P. 156 in: Abstracts and programme, XVIIIth Congress of the International Primatological Society: "Primates in the new Millennium", 7-12 January 2001, Adelaide, South Australia. By International Primatological Society, Australasian Primatological Society, Adelaide Zoo and EventsOz Conference organisers.

Kar-Gupta, K., in preparation: A study of distribution and habitat use by slender loris in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, India. Accepted with revision.

Kar Gupta K, 2001 / in preparation: Slender Loris. A book chapter in: Mammals of South Asia, A. J. T. Johnsingh; R. Sukumar (eds.).

Manley, G. H., 1976: Functions of the external genital glands of Perodicticus and Arctocebus. Pp. 313-329 in: Prosimian Behaviour, Martin, R.D.; Doyle, G. A.; Walker, A. C. (eds.), Duckworth, London

Meier, B.; Preuschoft, H., 1985: Mutter-Kind-Verhalten und Verhaltensontogenese bei Loris tardigradus nordicus HILL, Prosimiae (Behavioral ontogeny and maternal care in Slender loris). Verh. Dtsch. Zool. Ges. 78: 341. (German)

Meshik, V. A.; Gruzinskaya, B., 1993: Behavioral adaptation during pair formation in two species of prosimians. Primate report 37: 57-67.
Keyworsd: Nycticebus pygmaeus, pair-formation

Narayan Rao, C. R., 1932: Observations on the habits of the slow loris, Loris lydekkerianus. J. Bombay Natural History Soc. 32: 206-208.

Nekaris, K. A. I., 1999. Abstract. The diet of the slender loris ( Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus) in Dindigul, South India. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Suppl. 28: 209.
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

Nekaris, K. A. I., 2000. The socioecology of the Mysore slender loris (Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus) in Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, South India. Dissertation, Washington University, Department of Anthropology.

Nekaris, K. A. I., 2000: The spacing system of the slender loris ( Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus) and its implications for slender loris social organization. Abstract. American Journal of Primatology Suppl. 51: 77.
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Primatologists.

Nekaris, K. A. I., 2000: The activity budget of the slender loris ( Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus) in Dindigul, South India. Abstract. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Suppl. 30: 235-236.
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

Nekaris, K. A. I., 2001: How lazy is a loris? BBC Wildlife.

Nekaris, K. A. I., in review (March 2001): Spacing system of the Mysore slender loris: implications for slender loris social organization. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

Nekaris, K. A. I., in review (March 2001): Activity budget and positional behaviour of the Mysore slender loris. Folia Primatologica.

Nekaris, K. A. I.; Buzzell, C. A., 2000: How cryptic is the slender loris (Loris tardigradus lydekkerianus)? Abstract. American journal of Primatology Suppl. 51: 76-77.
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Primatologists.

Nekaris, K. A. I.; Rasmussen, D. T., 2001: The bug-eyed slender loris: insect predation and its implications for primate origins. Abstract. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Suppl. 32: 112.
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropology.

Nekaris, K. A. I.; Rasmussen, D. T., in review (March 2001): Diet of the Slender Loris: insectivory and its relations to nocturnal primate gregariousness. International Journal of Primatology.

Ohta, H., 1983: Learning set formation in slow lorises (Nycticebus coucang), Folia Primatol. 40: 256-267.

Ohta, H.; Ishida, H.; Matano, S., 1987: Learning set formation in thick-tailed bush babies (Galago crassicaudatus) and comparison of learning ability among four species. Folia Primatol. 48: 1-8.

Pariente, G., 1979: The role of vision in prosimian behaviour. Pp. 411-459 in: The study of prosimian behavior, Martin, R. D.; Doyle, G. A. (eds.), Academic Press, New York.

Petter, J.-J., Charles-Dominique, P.,1979: Vocal communication in prosimians. Pp. 247-306 in: The Study of Prosimian Behavior, Doyle, G. A.; Martin, R. D. (eds.), Academic Press, New York.

Rasmussen, D. T., 1986: Life history and behavior of slow lorises and slender lorises: implications for the lorisine-galagine divergence. Dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Duke University.

Roonwal, M. L.; Mohnot, S. M., 1977: Primates of South Asia: ecology, sociobiology and behavior. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

Rozman, J.; Pöppelmann, D. , 1990: Einfluß künstlicher Bates´scher Mimikry auf die Beutewahl bei Schlankloris (Loris tardigradus). (German, unpublished )

Seth, P. K., 1963: Preliminary observations on slender lorises. Anthropologist 7: 45-51. Delhi.
Loris , subspecies descriptions; social behaviour; aggressive behaviour

Schulze, H.; Meier, B., 1995: Behavior of captive Loris tardigradus nordicus: a qualitative description, including some information about morphological bases of behavior. Pp. 221-249 in: Creatures of the Dark, Alterman, L.; Doyle, G.; Izard, M. K. (eds.), Plenum Press, New York.

Subramoniam, S., 1957: Some observations on the habits of the slender loris, Loris tardigradus (Linne). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 54: 387-398.

Tenaza, R.; Fitch, H., 1984: The slow loris. Zoo Nooz 57: 10-12.
Behaviour, photos, Nycticebus

Tenaza,R.; Ross, B. A.; Tanticharoenyos, P.; Berkson, G., 1969: Individual behaviour and activity rhythms of captive slow lorises (Nycticebus coucang ). Anim. Behav. 17: 667-669.

Van Horn, R. N.; Eaton, G. G., 1979: Reproductive physiology and behavior in prosimians. Pp. 79-122 in: Doyle, G. A.; Martin, R. D. (eds.): The Study of Prosimian Behavior. Academic Press, New York

Wiens, F., 1995: Verhaltensbeobachtungen am Plumplori, Nycticebus coucang (Primates: Lorisidae), im Freiland. Diplomarbeit im Fachbereich Biologie der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main (unpublished) (German)

Wilkerson, B. J.; Rumbaugh, D. M., 1979: Learning and intelligence in prosimians. Pp. 207-246 in: The Study of Prosimian Behavior, Doyle, G. A.; Martin, R. D. (eds.), Academic Press, New York.

Zimmermann, E., 1985: Vocalizations and associated behaviours in adult slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). Folia primatol. 44: 52-64.

Zimmermann, E., 1989: Reproduction, physical growth and behavioral development in slow loris (Nycticebus coucang, Lorisidae). Human Evolution 4 (2-3): 171-179.

Zimmermann, E., Zimmermann, P. and Zimmermann, A., 1979: Soziale Kommunikation bei Plumploris (Nycticebus coucang). Z. Kölner Zoo 22: 25-36. (German)

Zimmermann, E., Zimmermann, P. and Zimmermann, A., 1980: Vergleich einiger Kommunikationsformen fünf nonhumaner Primatenarten (Galago senegalensis, Nycticebus coucang, Callithrix jacchus, Saimiri sciureus, Miopithecus talapoin). Z. Kölner Zoo 23: 2-20.
 
 

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Loris and potto conservation database - behaviour.  In http://www/loris-conservation.org/database/  Last amendment: 2 July  2004

 

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